Official Names and Titles of Iran

Official Name Islamic Republic of Iran
Head of State President H.E. Dr. Hassan Rouhani
National Day 11th of February (Islamic Revolution of Iran-1979)
Capital Tehran
Area 1,648,196 sq km
Land Boundaries 4,137 km
Sea Boundaries 2,700 km (Including the Caspian Sea)
River Boundaries 1,918 km
Border Countries Afghanistan, Azerbaijan (Nakhichevan), Armenia, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan
Climate Mostly arid or semi-arid, temperate along Caspian coast and mountainous temperate along west and north-west.
Natural Resources Petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur
Land use (1998):
Arable Land 300,000 sq. Km 18.2%
Meadows and Pastures 900,000 sq. Km 54.6%
Forest and Woodland 120,000 sq. Km 7.3%
Other 258,000 sq. Km 15.7%
Irrigated land 70,000 sq. Km 4.2%
Agricultural Products Wheat, rice, barley, potato, grains, sugar-beet, cotton, fresh & dried fruits, dates, pistachio, fruits, nuts, poultry, meat, dairy products, wool; caviar, flowers and medicinal plants.
Population 79.109.272 million
Population Growth rate 1.2%
Religions Muslim: 99.56% Zoroastrian, Christian & Jewish: 0.44%
Languages Persian and Persian dialects, Azeri, Kurdish, Lori, Baloochi, Arabic
Literacy Total: 84.2%
Currency Rial (IRR)
GDP 405 billion USD (2017)
GDP per capita 5516 US$
GDP growth rate 4.3%
Total Imports 43.648 bn USD (2017)
Import Grow Rate 5.16 % (2017)
Total Exports 43.940 bn USD (2017)
Export Grow Rate 3.54 % (2017)
Foreign Direct Investment 2.050 million US $
Industries Oil and gas, steel, aluminum, copper, electric and electronic equipment, cement & other building materials, metallurgy, home appliances, iron, textile, rugs and carpets, tapestry, miniature, ceramic, food processing (particularly sugar refining & vegetable oil production), petrochemicals, and car manufacturing & assemblies
Electricity Production: 329.7 bilion kwh
Railways Networks 8.442 km – Rank 24 in the world
Road Networks 198.866km – Rank 26 in the world
Ports 11 commercial ports
Airports 54
Inflation rate 8.4 % (2017)
Economic Growth 12.5 % (2017)
Unemployment Rate 12.4 % (2017)