Kurdistan province is a wide geographic spot (28,203 kilometers) located in the west of Iran adjacent to Iraq.
This province is surrounded by West Azarbaijan and Zanjan provinces from the north, Hamedan province and another part of Zanjan province from the east. Kermansheh province from the south and Iraq (the Kurdish speaking province of Sulaimanie) from the west. According to the latest state divisions, this province consists of 10 cities, 23 towns, 26 districts, 83 rural districts and 1738 villages.
The provincial capital of Kurdistan province is Sanandaj and the main cities of this province are Baneh, Bijar, Diwandareh, Saqiz, Qorveh, Kamyaran, Mariwan, Dehgolan, and Sarv-abad.
Kurdistan is part of the land which was once governed by the Medes. Based on history and archeological discoveries, many historians believe that Kurdistan was the first place where the Medes resided. They immigrated to the current land of Kurdistan about 2000 B.C. The government of Medes was in the territory of the Hakhamaneshi government in 550 . In the Safavid state divisions, Kurdistan was a land which was detached from Kermanshah and had four governing scopes: Khor khor, Jawanrood, Awraman, and Etka Baneh. Most of the people in Kurdistan province are Muslims and they followers Shafeism. Their native language is Kurdish.
Kurdistan province is a mountainous area which is extended over high plains and within vast valleys of the region. The height difference between the highest and the lowest points is about 2400 meters. Mount Shaho, 3300 meters high, and Aloot area, 900 meters high in Baneh, are respectively the highest and the lowest points of the province; this difference, in its turn, creates different kinds of climates which play a significant role in developing tourism industry and attracting tourists.
Climatic currents affected by the Atlantic ocean and the Mediterranean sea cause high rates of precipitation. Mariwan and Baneh, whose annual rate of precipitation is about 800 mm, enjoy the highest rate of precipitation in the area and the eastern part of the province, whose annual rate of precipitation is nearly 500 mm, has the lowest rate of precipitation. In the central area of this province. i.e. Sanandaj, the annual rate of precipitation is about 500 mm.
The unique topography of this province, its beautiful nature and climatic varieties have turned this area into an attractive spot to tourists. According to the world standards, temperatures between 20 and 25 degrees of Celsius are highly favored by tourists; since the average daily temperature in this province from mid-May to mid-October ranges between 22 to 28 degrees of Celsius, this period is the best time of the year for attracting summer tourists. Owing to continuous rainfall in April and May, this area is covered in lush green vegetation; therefore, this period is considered to be the best time of the year for sight-seeing tours around the province.